ThinkThe way we live the world has been taught to us and we think based on what we have classified in our minds. These are stereotypes.
Knowledge, as we have built it, becomes the base of “unbiased thinking”, so to say a thought that to exist must be based on the following principals:
1. critical capacity. We must individualize and put into discussion the knowledge that is taken for granted, stereotypes, prejudice, historical inaccuracies, false information and propaganda, concepts that in time have changes their semantics, ecc. The result of all this will be a more objective “conceptual elaboration”, constructive and free. No longer an idea that develops itself autonomously, lacking mental control, but a thought purified from controlled minds and cultural and social interference ,
2. suspension of judgment and avaluativity, activated in a conscious and rational manner. The suspension of judgment in philosophy is defined as epochè: if we put aside our judgments as we observe reality in a different way, closer to what it effectively is. Avaluativity is a concept introduced by Max Weber, it entails the complete lack of assessment when you observe social phenomena. …the lack of judgment and the lack of personal assessments! …you will see that the world will take on another aspect and another meaning,
3. the capacity to continue to doubt. …dubito ergo sum, we have already spoken of this! …doubt not about the possibility that something can be “not true” but the fact that “nothing is true”. Unbiased thought needs this behavior,
4. intellectual honesty and objectivity, these are the direct and natural consequences of the above described,
5. humility and humanity, …but maybe it is too early to speak of these two categories!
Below some phrases from intellectuals that serve as an outline to what I have said. …I like to quote intellectuals, they are our masters! Nothing important can be done if you have not first learned the lessons of the great masters!
• Castiglione said to Victoria Colonna: to know that we know nothing, it is that more times than less what to us seems true is false; and what seems false is true.
• Henry Laborit: the living being is a memory that acts.
• Leonardo da Vinci. Those who fall in love with practice without science are like a sailor who enters a ship without a helm or compass and who can never be certain whither he is going. Practice must always be founded on sound theory.
An example of what I mean by “thinking in a critical manner”. It has been taught to us that Friedrich Nietzsche went crazy in 1889, or so to say the psychiatrist at the time, who was born to classify as sick all abnormal behaviors (meaning out of the norm and social conventions) and as a consequence, to treat them with a repressive modality that has been greatly described literature, had defined him as crazy because he hugged, while starting to cry, a horse whipped by the coachman. He was in Turin, when at that time crying and hugging a whipped horse was a sufficient reason for one to be considered crazy. Today one would simply say that “you are a sensitive person”, a sensitivity that in 1889 was almost inconceivable. Like all the great thinkers of his caliber, Nietzsche was out of his time, light years ahead. The ignorance of the time could only treat him as a crazy man, the ignorance of today continues to see time in the same way.
…this is what I think!